عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Background and objectives: Economics plays a key role in human life. That is why the fight against economic corruption has an important status. Economic and financial crimes are the crimes that afflict today's society and hinder dynamic economic activity of the society. This study aims at examining the legal and criminological aspect of this type of crime and providing guidelines for the prevention and fight against them.
Methodology: This study was conducted using descriptive-analytic method and library resources.
Findings and results: The first part of the study explored the Justice and legal standards of economic crimes. In this part, the economic crimes in terms of economic nature of criminal law (including legal, material and spiritual components) and economic form of criminal law at both the national and international dimensions were investigated. The study showed that there are fundamental differences between economic crimes and crimes against property, economic corruption etc. The second part of the study explains and outlines the criminological aspects of economic crime and prevention strategies. In order to explain the criminological aspects of economic crime, the Pinatel psychological theory and Merton sociological theory were cited. Then, according to the dominant approach on criminal sociology, the significant content and focus on the legal system and legal framework of the country were examined. The most important preventive strategies in this regard include: strengthening the internal beliefs and motivations of financial institutions staff members, improving the system of monitoring financial performance, particularly in the governmental sector, using the financial management system and developing related and managerial and supervisory rules.